Prokofiev: Piano Sonata No.6, Op 82

谁是Prokofiev?

他是一个俄罗斯作曲家,1891年出生,1953年前去世。

他跟苏联共产党的关系如何?

不知道。你先等等,读读维基百科。 His works include such widely heard pieces as the March from The Love for Three Oranges, the suite Lieutenant Kijé, the ballet Romeo and Juliet—from which "Dance of the Knights" is taken—and Peter and the Wolf. Of the established forms and genres in which he worked, he created – excluding juvenilia – seven completed operas, seven symphonies, eight ballets, five piano concertos, two violin concertos, a cello concerto, a symphony-concerto for cello and orchestra, and nine completed piano sonatas.

好像也还好,不算太多产。

那你讲讲他值得一提的生平?他是圣彼得堡学的音乐,作曲并弹琴。他帮老乡Diaghlev的芭蕾舞团写曲子,也用这些曲子改编成弦乐。(这个不算一稿多投?)他钟爱歌剧,(怎么没听说过?),写了三个橙子,帮芝加哥歌剧团。

1917年,他开始周游世界,美国,德国,法国。后来大萧条,没有活了。1933年回到苏联。在苏联也享有盛名。

他与钢琴家Richter以及大提琴家Rostropovich关系好,为前者写了第九piano sonata;为后者写了Symphony-Concerto。


关于他的三首Piano Sonata,是二战开始后写的。悲伤的默默流露。

Later in 1939, Prokofiev composed his Piano Sonatas Nos. 6, 7, and 8, Opp. 82–84, widely known today as the "War Sonatas." Premiered respectively by Prokofiev (No. 6: 8 April 1940),[105] Sviatoslav Richter (No. 7: Moscow, 18 January 1943) and Emil Gilels (No. 8: Moscow, 30 December 1944),[106] they were subsequently championed in particular by Richter. Biographer Daniel Jaffé argued that Prokofiev, "having forced himself to compose a cheerful evocation of the nirvana Stalin wanted everyone to believe he had created" (i.e. in Zdravitsa) then subsequently, in the three sonatas, "expressed his true feelings".[107] As evidence, Jaffé has pointed out that the central movement of Sonata No. 7 opens with a theme based on a Robert Schumann lied "Wehmut" ("Sadness", which appears in Schumann's Liederkreis, Op. 39): its words translate, "I can sometimes sing as if I were glad, yet secretly tears well and so free my heart. Nightingales… sing their song of longing from their dungeon's depth… everyone delights, yet no one feels the pain, the deep sorrow in the song."[108] Ironically (it appears no one noticed his allusion), Sonata No. 7 received a Stalin Prize (Second Class), and No. 8 a Stalin Prize (First Class).[106]

杨照怎么说

讲俄罗斯乐派:强大的音响,绵长的乐句,浓厚的“歌唱性”。

钢琴是打击乐,不像弦乐或者管乐,可以拖长音。这个,敲一下就完了。

爱尔兰作曲家 菲尔德,发明夜曲这种形式,来推广钢琴的歌唱性。

反对压抑钢琴天性,一堆俄罗斯作曲家,Rachmaninov Scriabin恢复钢琴的敲击乐器的本性。还有Bartok和Prokofiev

Piano No 6. 于39-40演出。先是Prokofiev自己为电台录音,后是Richter(1915-1997)为他在舞台演奏。Richter老师是
Neuhaus(别看名字是德语新房子,他是俄罗斯人,1887-1964)

八卦一个Neuhaus的逸事:24岁的Neuhaus听了亚瑟鲁宾斯坦的演奏后,觉得一辈子都达不到这个高度,死了算了。还好没死成。(In 1912, Neuhaus attended a concert in Berlin in which Arthur Rubinstein premiered Szymanowski's Piano Sonata No. 2, and left a suicide note saying that the concert had made clear to him that he would never be successful as a composer or a pianist and that he could not go on living, and was going to Florence in Italy to die. Szymanowski and Rubinstein hastily followed Neuhaus to Florence and tracked him down to a hospital, where he was safe and recovering after cutting his wrist in a hotel.)

看来,苏联对艺术家们不错啊。除了斯大林时候强迫的政治作曲。是吗?

关于音乐教育

小孩子为什么要学习弹钢琴?拉小提琴?以及一个乐器?因为会乐器的话,会反应出一个人的能力,能打开ta通向古典音乐的大门。

可是不学乐器不是一样可以听么?为什么一定要学呢?因为小孩没事干,不去学习瞎玩多浪费时间啊。

可是音乐不能带来荣华富贵,就像写作一样。

音乐和写作一样,都需要思想。等到了一定层次上之后,就不单单是技术的问题了。也不单纯是效果的问题了。

那是什么?

2020-01-17 巴赫小提琴协奏曲

shunske_sato_bach.jpg

今天在Gramophone的2019年推荐列表中,遇到了一个令我耳目一新的曲子,巴赫的小提琴协奏曲。这个日本人演奏得很有精神。

上维基百科查了一下演奏家,Shunske Sato, 发现他也是1984年出生,和我同岁。他主攻古典和巴洛克时期的音乐。